Thursday, December 17, 2020 11:16 AM (GMT + 7)
The probe named Chang Nga 5 this morning returned to Earth with the first experimental samples from the Moon in 44 years, making China the third country in the world to do this, state media Chinese news.
Cable-xun Chang Nga 5 back to Earth. (Photo: Xinhua)
The Chinese probe completed a 23-day space mission and landed at the Siziwang Banner site in Inner Mongolia, Xinhua said.
Cable-xun had a glide back into Earth’s atmosphere to decelerate and land at the designated site for all Chinese spacecraft.
Chinese President Xi Jinping congratulates today on this success. As China’s most complex space project, the Chang Nga 5 mission “marks a major step forward for the Chinese space industry and will contribute to deepening understanding of the Moon’s origins and evolutionary history. of the solar system, ”said Xi.
Mr. Xi said that space exploration is not limited and called for interplanetary exploration to make China a great power in space research and realizing its goal of renaissance, as well as using the universe for peaceful purposes.
As the fifth probe to be sent to the Moon, Thuong Nga 5 was launched from the Wenchang launch site on Hainan Island on November 24 and landed on the Moon a week later. It began its journey back to Earth about 2 weeks ago.
These are the first experimental samples to be brought from the Moon since 1976, long after the US and the Soviet Union. With a drill and robotic arm, Thuong Nga 5 obtained 2kg of sample on the surface and 2m deep below the surface of Mons Rümker crater in the basin named Oceanus Procellarum on the near half of the Moon.
The geology in this area is believed to be younger than the area where the Americans and Russians have sampled.
Scientists hope the samples brought back will shed some light on the history and evolution of the Moon and Earth.
Chang Nga 5 lander also has a Chinese flag on the Moon for the first time, and it will remain there after completing its mission.
The former two spacecraft, Thuong Nga 1 and 2, only orbited the Moon, while Thuong Nga 3 had a soft landing with self-propelled robot Rabbit Ngoc. In 2019, Thuong Nga 4 becomes the first probe to step on the dark half of the Moon and work with self-propelled robot Rabbit Ngoc 2 so far.
With this success, the Chang Nga program aims to bring Chinese astronauts to the nearest celestial body by 2030 and establish a permanent research station on the south pole of the Moon in the future.
China’s space ambitions don’t end with the Moon. The country has sent a probe to Mars in July this year and is set to launch a space research station in space next year.
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